What is the ginseng supplement? For those who have heard of ginseng, almost everyone knows that ginseng is a great tonic. However, there are many misunderstandings about what ginseng supplements, that is, what ginseng's efficacy is.
The national concept of what ginseng supplements comes from nutrition. The high incidence rate of modern chronic diseases is related to the excessive intake of various kinds of nutrients every day, so many people will come to the conclusion that I already have high blood lipid and glucose and excessive nutrition. If I use ginseng as a supplement, I will definitely make up the problem. However, modern medicine also shows that ginseng does regulate blood sugar and blood lipid. What exactly does ginseng supplement?
In fact, there are two concepts of " supplement" in traditional medicine. One is to supplement nutrients, that is, what we usually say, what is lacking, such as calcium deficiency. Another kind of " mending" refers to mending and restoring functions, similar to that when the pot is broken and the function of filling water is lost. So, what kind of ginseng supplements and what kind of supplements?
Improve the adaptability of the body
Ginseng can change the body's reactivity, which is similar to acanthopanax senticosus and schisandra chinensis. ginseng has the " adaptive" effect, that is, it can enhance the body's ability to respond to various harmful stimuli and strengthen the body's adaptability. The mechanism of action may be related to the response of ginseng to the " stress process" of the body, especially its influence on the nerve-pituitary-adrenal cortex system. Reports indicate that intraperitoneal injection of ginsenoside from stem and leaf can significantly reduce the mortality rate of mice under high temperature (46 ℃) and low temperature (-9 ℃), and has the effects of resisting high temperature and low temperature. Compared with ginsenoside, the two have similar effects. Stems and leaves saponin can be administered orally for 3 consecutive days and has protective effect on scalded shock. Because ginseng can strengthen the body's resistance to harmful factors, it is of great significance to treat many infectious diseases.
Effect on cardiovascular system
It is generally believed that the mechanism of ginseng antihypertensive effect is: ginseng has cholinergic effect; The transient antihypertensive effect of ether extract of red ginseng is related to histamine release, and then the persistent antihypertensive effect is due to other reasons. Ginseng can reduce intracellular Ca++, and its antihypertensive effect is the result of ginseng's action on vascular smooth muscle. Ginsenoside Rb1 has lasting antihypertensive effect. Since the antihypertensive effect of ginseng can be eliminated after the animal brain is removed or ganglionic blockers are used, the antihypertensive effect of ginseng may involve central nervous system and reflex mechanism.
Ginseng can alleviate anaphylactic shock induced by guinea pig serum and prolong its survival time. The death of scalded shock mice can be obviously delayed. It can promote the recovery of normal life activities for dogs in hemorrhagic and asphyxial critical condition. For animals with hemorrhagic acute circulatory failure, ginseng can significantly increase the heart beat amplitude and heart rate. In the case of heart failure, the cardiotonic effect is more significant. Pre-administration of ginseng fruit saponin can obviously prolong the survival time of hemorrhagic shock dogs, prevent the damage of myocardial membrane, nuclear membrane and mitochondria of hemorrhagic shock myocardial cells, and protect the heart, brain, kidney and liver of shock animals. Ginseng fruit saponin and ginseng reed head saponin also have protective effects on tissues such as heart, liver and lung in hemorrhagic shock. Ginseng extract (red ginseng, sugar ginseng, 20% ethanol percolation, 1: 1 concentration) has the effect of anti-insulin shock, while ginseng total saponin has the effect of promoting insulin shock. Shenmai injection (ginseng, dwarf lilyturf tuber) has good effect on experimental endotoxic shock in mice and rats, relieving diarrhea and fever symptoms, and improving peripheral blood picture and reticuloendothelial system function. It suggests that it is a good activator of reticuloendothelial system function.
Effect on liver
Ginseng can increase the enzyme activity of the liver to metabolize various substances and enhance the detoxification ability of the liver, thus enhancing the tolerance of the body to various chemical substances. Experiments show that ginseng can increase the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in liver, shorten the anesthesia time of alcohol on rabbits and dogs, and reduce the alcohol level in blood of rabbits quickly. Some reports point out that ginseng can not only enhance the detoxification function of liver, but also has the effect of anti-liver injury. Ginsenoside can alleviate liver injury and transaminase caused by carbon tetrachloride. It has also been reported that ginsenoside can not only reduce the elevation of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activity in rabbits caused by carbon tetrachloride, but also reduce the changes of liver tissue in rabbits caused by other poisons, such as thioacetamide. The research results on the anti-liver toxicity of ginsenoside and some structure-effect relationships found that red ginseng probably has stronger anti-liver toxicity activity than white ginseng.
Influence on Material Metabolism
Experiments prove that ginseng has inhibitory effect on normal blood sugar and hyperglycemia caused by injection of epinephrine and hypertonic glucose. For alloxan-induced diabetes in male rats, it can control blood sugar level, but cannot prevent its onset and death. It also has effect on alloxan diabetes in mice. It has certain inhibitory effect on experimental diabetic hyperglycemia in dogs, but cannot completely correct its metabolic disorder. There are also reports that different ginsenoside monomers of ginseng can resist the effects of epinephrine, ACTH and glucagon and enhance the effect of insulin on glucose metabolism.
Ginseng , as a rare medicinal material, has been used for nearly 4,000 years in our country, and has been regarded as " the first monarch drug" by famous medical experts of all dynasties. As for the functions and effects of ginseng, many famous medical works have recorded that ginseng has the functions and effects of invigorating primordial qi, recovering pulse, strengthening spleen and benefiting lung, promoting fluid production to quench thirst, nourishing heart and tranquilizing mind, and improving intelligence.
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